Medical Rhinoplasty and Rhinotip by Myoplasty of the Nasal Depressor Septum
Learning Objectives: After reading this article, the physician should be able to: 1. Discuss desired preoperative not surgical assessment with rhinoplasty patients. 2. Know the anatomical factors that have the potential to affect procedural outcomes. 3. Realize the technique of A.TENENBAUM with its aesthetic goals while preserving the anatomy as the physiology of the nose. 4.Recognize the contra-indications.
Summary : Medical Rhinoplasty has been these last years widespread with different techniques like
-fillers ( permanent and not permanent) which can lead to necrosis, granulomas and nodules dued not only to bad techniques but also to the physico chemistry of the fillers themselves, even if registered by Authorities.
-threads which can lead to deformities and some necrosis if copies of inventors products are used or if realized by not trained physicians.
-sutures which are different of threads.
-botulinum toxin which leads to a severe atrophy of the muscles.
-the medical myoplasty of the nasal depressor septum ( technique called ENDOPEEL, even if it is not a peeling) which is conservative, without damaging any structures or functions of the nose and which needs to be repeated each 6 months.
This technique has been realized since 17 years worldwide by trained facial plastic surgeons, plastic surgeons , cosmetic dermatologists and some aesthetic medicine practicioners and none side effects or complications has been reported until now.
The immediate chemical and medical rhinoplasty by using the techniques called Endopeel, which have like mechanisms of action a myotension, a myoplasty and a myopexy which duration does not exceed 6 months is a new weapon for dermatologists as plastic surgeons ,wishing to be conservative without irreversible side effects.
Endopeel techniques can be proposed to patients who wish to get a scarless immediate medical rhinoplasty without downtime, to patients who are not candidates or not ready for a surgical rhinoplasty, to patients which refuse suspension threads or elastic sutures .
The advantages are the immediate effect, the absence of scar, the absence of down time, the absence of social eviction, as the transitory complications which are very rare and limited only to short duration edema.
Only 3 indications are possible :
-the nasal tip lifting by injecting the nasal depressor of the septum-Figure1
-the nasal aisles narrowing by injecting the nasal aisle elevator-Figure2 & Figure3
-the projection and narrowing of the nasal pyramide by injecting the ligament of Pitanguy
- nasal pathology
- pure indications of surgical correction
- allergy to arachides
Material and Methods
The chemical patented mixture used for injection is made of carbolic acid and arachidonic acid.
To reshape the nasal depressor of the septum, 2 injections of 0.15 ml have to be made :
- 1 st one normal to the barycenter of the philtral triangle, delimited by the philtrum bands laterally and the orbicularis oris as base of this triangle. Figure4 & Figure5
- the 2 nd one at the top of this triangle, where the philtrum bands are converging in one unique point, making an angle of 30 grades with the horizontal, to reach the little muscle at the bottom of the nasal septum. Figure6 & Figure7
We assist to a triangle base shortening and lateral sides adduction of the depressor septi after 1st two injections as described above.Figure8
It results :
- that the philtrum from bidimensional gets tridimensional with a nice depression at its center Figure9
- an improvement of the cupid bow
- an improvement of the vermillion
- the nasal labial distance and angle is greater Figure10
The orbicularis oris follows the depressor septi by myoplasty and myopexy dued to its muscular insertions
The contraction of the nasal septum depressor increases the nasal tip rotation towards down and makes it hanging down during the smiling,giving too a thin upper lip aspect.
Using Endopeel methods, we will get immediately and for 6 months duration in 62% of cases if the techniques are well done, a nasal tip lifting with an upper lip discret lifting too.
A naso labial break could lead to a non satisfactory result. In such case a VY plasty has to be performed.
But unpredictable is the absence of results in the Type II and Type III of Rohrich.Figure11
Consent Inform should clearly mention that 22% of patients are Type II and 16% of them are Type III , leading to no results even if techniques are well performed
Keywords: endopeel,chemical myoplasty, chemical myopexy, retensado cutaneo,medical rhinoplasty,rhinotip,philtral triangle,nasal septum depressor,orbicularis oris,vermillion, naso labial angle,cupid bow.
Legend to Figures
Figure 1 :Main Indication is the Rhinotip treated by Chemical Myoplasty of the Nasal Depressor of the Septum.Here the patient is the Co- author : Mauro Tiziani treated by Alain TENENBAUM .Result ½ hour after treatment with an average duration of 6 months.
Figure 2: Second common indication is the narrowing of the nasal aisle .Japanese female patient treated by Chemical Myoplasty of the Nasal Aisle Elevator- Just the right nasal aisle has been treated with 2 injections of 0.15 ml of the patented solution ( carbolic acid + arachidonic acid) –Result after ½ hour with an average duration of 6 months.
Figure 3: Same patient as Figure 2.The narrowing of the right nasal aisle by treating the right nasal aisle elevator has cosmetic consequences as the
-nice shape of the right nostril : size, width, direction
-the right hemidorsum ( treated) is higher than the left hemidorsum (untreated).
Figure 4:The 1 st injection of 0.15 ml of the patented mixture ( carbolic acid + arachidonic acid) has to be made ,, normal,, to the barycenter of the triangle delimited by the philtrum bands laterally and the orbicularis orisas base of this triangle.The barycenter is easily seen as the most depressed ( red point) area of this philtral triangle.
Figure 5: Same as figure4 with the syringe, the needle. Important is the position of each finger of each hand of the physician.
Figure 6:The 2 nd injection of 0.15 ml is done at the intersection of the philtrum bands or at the top of the philtral triangle , doing an angle of 30 grades with the horizontal to reach the delicate caudal muscle of the septum.
Figure 7:Same as Figure6 with the syringe and needle.Important is the position of each finger of each hand of the physician.
Figure 8: triangle base shortening and lateral sides adduction of the depressor septi
Figure9: The philtrum improves from 2 D to 3D
Figure10: The naso labial angle is greater
Figure11: Unpredictable absence of results in case of Type II and II of Rohrich
1. Tenenbaum A (2009) La tecnica Endopeel- La medicina estetica-A.Redaelli, EEAFlorence.
2. Dewandre L,Tenenbaum A (2011) The Chemistry of Peels (2nd edn), Saunders Elsevier.
3. Tenenbaum A (2013) Medical Facelifts by Chemical Myoplasty, Myotension and Myopexy (Endopeel Techniques or Muscular SMAS Repositioning). Anaplastology 2: 116. doi: 10.4172/2161-1173.1000116
4. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000 Jan;105(1):376-83; discussion 384-8. Importance of the depressor septi nasi muscle in rhinoplasty: anatomic study and clinical application. Rohrich RJ(1), Huynh B, Muzaffar AR, Adams WP Jr, Robinson JB Jr.